Back Pain

Back Pain

Back pain or backaches is the pain felt in the back that may create from muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Back pain is one of the most ordinary medical problems experienced by most people at some time in their life. Back pain can be acute, generally lasting from a few days to a few weeks or chronic, lasting for more than three months.

Back pain can happen as a dull, constant pain or a sudden, sharp pain. Back pain may be confined to one area or may radiate to other areas such as the arm and hand, the upper back, or the lower back and might radiate into the leg or foot. Other than pain, you may have weakness, numbness or tingling in your arms or legs, reason from damage to the spinal cord.

Causes

Athletes participating in sports such as skiing, basketball, football, ice skating, soccer, running, golf or tennis are at greater risk of developing back pain. During these sports activities, the spine needs to bear more stress, take more pressure, undergo twisting and turning, as well as bear the more bodily impact. This may reason strain on the back that can result in back pain. Athletes are at high risk of back pain both from trauma and from overuse injuries, particularly in sports requiring hyperextension.

Diagnosis

Your physician will diagnose back pain by asking suitable questions or by taking a history of your problem and examining your spine. A total examination contains an assessment of the signs of unusual curves of the spine, a rib hump, a tilted pelvis, and tilting of the shoulders and a test of your sensations. Other diagnostic tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment

  • Exercises to strengthen your trunk and back muscles
  • Treatment for back pain is generally non-surgical and includes:
  • Cold packs, heat packs or both applied to the back to help ease much of the discomfort and relieve stiffness as well the pain
  • Sleeping with the pillow between the knees while lying on one side or placing the pillow under your knees when lying on your back may help relieve back pain