Cervical Spine Surgery 2

What is Cervical Spine Surgery?

Your orthopedic surgeon or neurosurgeon may advise cervical spine surgery to relieve neck pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness, restore nerve function and stop or stop abnormal motion in your neck.

The bone graft may be one of two types: an autograft or an allograft. Sometimes metal plates and screws are also used to further steady the spine. These methods are called instrumentation. When the vertebrae have been surgically stabilized, an abnormal motion is stopped and the function is restored to the spinal nerves. An alternative to spinal fusion is a cervical disc replacement using an artificial disc that allows neck motion and stabilizes the spine.

What are the Reasons for Cervical Spine Surgery?

Cervical spine surgery may be indicated for a variety of spinal neck problems. Usually, surgery may be performed for degenerative disorders, trauma or instability. This situation may create pressure on the spinal cord or on the nerves coming from the spine.

What Conditions are treated with Cervical Spine Surgery?

Degenerative Disc Disease

In degenerative disease, the discs or cushion pads between your vertebrae shrink, causing wearing of the disc, which may lead to hernia ion. You may also have arthritic areas in your spine. This degeneration can reason pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness from the pressure on the spinal nerves.

Cervical Deformity

Patients with a deformity in their cervical spine, such as hyperlordosis or swan neck deformity may benefit from surgery to straighten and stabilize the spine. Upper neck disorders also called craniocervical or craniovertebral junction irregularity can affect the cervical spine.

Since the neck is so flexible it is vulnerable to injury. Some injuries can cause a fracture and or dislocation of the cervical vertebra. In a severe injury, the spinal cord may also be damaged. Patients with a fracture, especially with spinal cord damage, undergo surgery to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and stabilize the spine

What are the Potential Complications of Cervical Spine Surgery?

As with any operation, there are dangers involved with cervical spine surgery. Possible complications contain injury to your spinal cord, nerves, esophagus, carotid artery or vocal cords; non-healing of the bony fusion; failure to improve; instrumentation breakage and/or failure; infection; bone graft site pain. Any of these complications may lead to more surgery.

Other complications may contain phlebitis in your legs, blood clots in the lungs or urinary problems. Rare complications include paralysis and possibly death. Your surgeon will discuss potential risks with you before asking you to sign a consent form.