Brain tumors are tumors that start in the brain. There are many types of tumors that can form in the brain. The type of brain tumor a person has depends on which cells have become abnormal. Brain tumors that happen in childhood are very different from those that occur in adulthood.
What are symptoms of a brain tumor?
Brain tumor symptoms depend on the size of and location of the tumor. Find out the most ordinary brain tumor symptoms, based on the tumor’s location in the brain.
What is the treatment for brain tumors?
Many people get a combination of one or more of these treatment options:
What is back pain?
Back pain is very general, with most people experiencing at least one episode during their lifetime. Your back is a complex structure composed of bones, muscles, nerves, and joints. Back pain is caused by a problem of one of these elements.
It’s a musculoskeletal disorder that can present in a range of ways:
a slight twinge to being severely painful
a dull and constant ache to a sudden and sharp pain that makes movement difficult
It can gradually become worse or start rapidly if you fall or lift something too heavy.
What kinds of injuries produce back pain?
High-impact events such as acute auto accident injuries, workplace injuries or sports injuries can simply tear muscles and tendons in your back, causing pain and stiffness. They can also dislodge the vertebrae and vertebral discs, straining the joints that articulate your spine and causing the discs to herniate, a painful situation that can pinch nearby nerve tissue.
Why is my back pain accompanied by leg pain?
Low back pain accompanied by leg pain, tingling or numbness is often a sign of sciatica. This complaint generally happen when a disc or other structure presses against the sciatic nerve roots
What is the pituitary?
The pituitary is a tiny organ about the size of a pea in the center of the brain just above the back of the nose. This gland is also referred to as the “master gland” because it controls other glands in the body. The pituitary gland is made up of two different parts. The front part secretes hormones which regulate other glands, and the back part secretes hormones which manage urination and induce labor. Hormones are substances secreted by a gland and exercising action somewhere else on the body.
What is a pituitary tumor?
A pituitary tumor is a growth that is located in the pituitary gland and it is made up of abnormal pituitary cells. Pituitary tumors are almost always benign (non-cancerous). Pituitary tumors may or may not secrete hormones.
How is a pituitary tumor treated?
There are a variety of options for treatment of a pituitary tumor. UW Health provides the following options:
Trans-sphenoidal craniotomy for pituitary tumors: This minimally-invasive surgical approach is done with a microscope through the nose. Patients are cared for by a multidisciplinary team that contains neurosurgeons, endocrinologists, neuro-ophthalmologists and radiation oncologists.
Stereotactic radiosurgery: Stereotactic radiosurgery delivers high-dose radiation to a small area in the brain, generally in one treatment. The radiation can be given to the abnormal area while the surrounding normal brain tissue receives only a small dose of radiation. This process is also referred to as Gamma Knife or Linac Scalpel, depending on the device used.
Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy: Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) allows for very precise delivery of radiation to the brain and has a greater capacity to shape the radiation beams. The radiation is given over several treatments since the treatment is split into a number of smaller doses of radiation. Fractionation is used to improve the radiation effect on the tumor while reducing the effect of radiation on the normal brain tissue.
Medical treatment: Prolactin-secreting tumors usually respond well to medication. Some of the other tumors may also respond to medical treatment.