Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Spine surgery is traditionally done as “open surgery.” This means that the area being operated on is opened with a long opening to allow the surgeon to view and access the anatomy. In recent years, however, technological advances have allowed more back and neck situation to be treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique.

Because minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS), does not engage a long incision, it keeps away from significant damage to the muscles surrounding the spine. Typically, this results in less pain after surgery and a faster improvement.

The sign for minimally invasive spine surgery is the same as those for traditional open surgery.  Spine surgery is generally recommended only when a period of nonsurgical treatment — such as medications and physical therapy — has not relieved the painful symptoms caused by your back problem. In addition, surgery is only considered if your doctor can pinpoint the correct source of your pain, such as a herniated disk or spinal stenosis.

There are various minimally invasive techniques. The common thread between all of them is that they use smaller incisions and reason less muscle damage. Minimally invasive techniques can be used for common procedures like lumbar decompression and spinal fusion. Decompression relieves pressure on spinal nerves by removing portions of bone or a herniated disk. Spinal fusion corrects problems with the small bones of the spine.

Why might I need minimally invasive spine surgery?

Most people who have back pain will not need surgery. Your healthcare supplier might give advice to spine surgery if you have a back problem that hasn’t gotten better with another treatment, such as medicine or physical therapy. If you still have a lot of pain, surgery on your spine might fix the problem. Spine surgery can’t fix all types of back problems, though. Your healthcare supplier will only advise spine surgery if you have a type of problem that surgery may help. This includes conditions such as:

  • Spinal instability
  • Spondylolysis Fractured vertebra
  • Removal of a tumor in the spine
  • Herniated disc
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Spinal deformities
  • Infection in the spine

What are the risks of minimally invasive spine surgery?

Every surgery has risks. The risks of minimally invasive spine surgery include:

  • Nerve damage
  • Blood clots
  • Complications from anesthesia
  • Infection
  • Excess bleeding
  • Pain at the graft site
  • Leaking of spinal fluid. This may reason headaches or other problems.
  • Not enough relief of your back pain