The most common reason for neck pain is an injury to the soft tissues or prolonged wear and tear. Traumatic accidents or falls and contact sports can reason severe neck injuries causing pain in the neck. Neck pain can also come from infections, tumors or congenital abnormalities of the vertebrae. Common situation producing neck pain includes:
Rheumatoid arthritis: It is an auto-immune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks healthy joints, tissues, and organs. The situation occurs most often in the upper neck area causing inflammation of the lining (or synovium) of joints resulting in neck pain, stiffness, swelling and loss of function.
Cervical disc herniation: Disc herniation is the bulging or rupture of the soft fibrous tissue, discs, cushioning the vertebrae. Cervical disc herniation refers to herniation of discs in the cervical spine region or neck region. Because of this, the soft central portion called nucleus pulpous bulges out through the tear in the capsule. The situation can be the reason by the normal aging or by traumatic injury to the spine. The condition results in painful, burning, tingling or numbing sensations in the neck.
Cervical Spondylosis: Cervical spondylosis refers to abnormal degeneration of the cartilage and bones in the neck region. The condition results in neck pain radiating to arms or shoulder and neck stiffness that gets worse over time.
Cervical Stenosis: Cervical stenosis refers to narrowing of the spinal canal that protects the spinal cord and its branching nerves. The situation causes neck pain radiating to arms and hands.
Degenerative disc disease: Degenerative disc disease refers to the gradual deterioration of the disc between the vertebrae and is caused due to aging. As people age, intervertebral discs lose their suppleness, elasticity, and shock absorbing characteristics, resulting in neck pain.